Photo Gallery

Ramkot Fort (age unknown)

Ramkot Fort stands on the summit of a hill in Mirpur, Pakistan. It is surrounded on three sides by the Jhelum river. It was likely built no earlier than the late 16th century following the Mughal emperor Akbar's visit to Kashmir in 1589. At present it stands just inside the boundaries of Jammu and Kashmir in an area controlled by Pakistan. Excavations at the fort have uncovered the remains of a Hindu temple and relics from the 5th through the 9th centuries. However, the chronology of the fort's construction and even its age remain open questions.

Although maintenance of the fort is nominally in the hands of the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Tourism Department very little has been done to preserve this historic site. The dearth of funds prompted a Rawalpindi dentist to voluntarily spend several hundred thousand rupees in an effort to rehabilitate the structure. However, according to an article published in the Express Tribune on in January 2012, "his efforts were in vain due to a lack of cooperation and interest from local authorities".

Rough Plan of Ramkot Fort

Image drawn by Timothy M Ciccone based on photographs and Google Earth imagery. Not to scale.


The approximate location of the fort is 33.223442' N, 73.641784' E (WGS 84 map datum).


All images copyright 2013 Aown Ali. Email at

Visit his Facebook page at this address and also here.

Khan, Ahmad Nabi. Islamic Architecture of Pakistan: An Analytical Exposition.
  Islamabad: National Hijra Council, 1990.

Koch, Ebba. Mughal Architecture
  New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Michell, George (editor). Architecture of the Islamic World: Its history and Social Meaning
  London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.

Muhammad Wali Ulla Khan. Mirpur and its Important Monuments
  Karachi: Anjuman Press, 1973.

Nizami, AH. Ramkot Fort: Centuries-old Kashmiri Heritage Site on the Verge of Destruction.
  Published Jan 29, 2012. The Express Tribune.

Mumtaz, Kamil Khan. Architecture in Pakistan.
  Singapore: Concept Media Pte Ltd, 1985.

Rajput, A. B. Architecture in Pakistan
  Karachi: Pakistan Publications, 1963.

Leave a Comment (*required)

 (will not be published)
Captcha text:*