Chiniot Mosque (built 1646-55)
The Chiniot Mosque in central Chiniot is is attributed to Saad Ullah Khan (1595- 1655), the prime minister of Emperor Shah Jahan. It was constructed from 1646-55 at the height of the Mughal Empire. The architecture of the mosque follows the typical seven-bay form common throughout the Mughal realm, with a large 21.6 x 21.6m courtyard at its center. The courtyard and the surrounding arcades are set on a plinth about 4.7m in height which is filled with shops and administrative rooms for the local waqf (the religious endowment serving the mosque).
One somewhat atypical feature of the mosque is the use of columns to support the arcades in front of the mihrab (prayer niche) facing Mecca. A similar prototype may be found in the Moti Masjid mosque in Lahore Fort, also from the Shah Jahan era.
Site PlanImage drawn by Timothy M Ciccone based on "Development of Mosque Architecture in Pakistan", by Ahmad Nabi Khan.
The approximate location of the mosque is 31.719878' N, 72.976848' E (WGS 84 map datum).
All images copyright 2014 Aown Ali
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